Sexual Dysfunctions

DIagnostic Criteria

Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder (GPPPD)

Formerly known as Dyspereunia and Vaginismus, when pain is experienced during, or in anticipation of, vaginal penetration.

Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder (FSIAD)

Reduced level or lack of interest in sexual activity with a partner or for masturbation and/or lack of response to arousing stimulus.

Female Orgasmic Disorder

Infrequency or total absence of orgasm during partner sex and/or masturbation.

Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection.

Delayed Ejaculation (DE)

Difficulty in achieving ejaculation in a timely way or at all.

Premature Ejaculation (PE)

When ejaculation occurs too quickly and with lack of control.

Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder

Lack of, or reduced interest in sexual activity, with a partner or masturbation, including fantasy thoughts and spontaneous desire.


A sexual dysfunction is classified when any of the above symptoms have been experienced for more than 6 months, it is causing significant distress and is not due to a single causal factor for instance illness, relationship problems, medication or a mental health diagnosis.

The standard tool used by clinicians to categorise and diagnose sexual dysfunctions is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual DSM. Current edition V, published 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association.